Material Description

Polyethylene (PE) is a versatile and widely used thermoplastic polymer known for its exceptional combination of properties. It is composed of repeating ethylene monomer units, which form long linear chains, resulting in a high molecular weight structure. PE can be categorized into various types, with the most common being low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE), each exhibiting distinct characteristics. LDPE is characterized by its amorphous structure, yielding a flexible and low-density material, making it ideal for applications such as plastic bags and packaging films. In contrast, HDPE is semi-crystalline, offering higher density and superior strength, making it suitable for applications like water pipes, containers, and automotive parts. PE boasts excellent chemical resistance, good electrical insulation properties, and is highly resistant to moisture, making it suitable for outdoor and underground applications. Its mechanical properties, low cost, and ease of processing have contributed to its widespread use across industries, including packaging, construction, healthcare, and more.

Tensile Yield
Modulus (MPa)
Point (°C)
Coefficient of
(x 10^-6 /°C)
Absorption (%)
910 - 94010 - 400.1 - 1.390-1300.25 - 0.512.3100 - 2000.01 - 0.5

Design Recommendation

Design recommendations for Polyethylene (PE) material in injection molding are essential to ensure the successful production of high-quality plastic components. When working with PE, it is crucial to consider several key factors to achieve optimal results. First, the selection of the right grade of PE is critical; low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is preferred for its excellent flowability, making it ideal for complex and intricate part geometries, while high-density polyethylene (HDPE) offers improved stiffness and strength for more structural applications. Proper melt temperature control is essential to prevent thermal degradation and maintain material integrity. Additionally, it’s crucial to design the mold with draft angles and rounded corners to facilitate easy release of the part from the mold, as PE has a tendency to stick to the mold surface. Gate design and location should be carefully considered to minimize stress concentrations and warpage. Adequate cooling channels and cycle times must be established to prevent overheating and ensure consistent part quality. Finally, post-processing steps, such as annealing or stress relief, should be evaluated to further enhance the mechanical properties of the PE component. By adhering to these design recommendations, manufacturers can effectively leverage the benefits of Polyethylene for injection molding applications while maintaining product quality and performance.

Cost Saving Tip

A valuable cost-saving strategy in Polyethylene (PE) injection molding involves the careful management of melt temperatures. PE possesses a comparatively low melting point, making precise control of the polymer’s temperature during the molding process crucial for reducing energy consumption and material waste. By keeping the melt temperature within the recommended range, manufacturers can achieve consistent product quality while cutting down on the need for excessive cooling, which can be a costly endeavor. Additionally, maintaining a well-regulated melt temperature can lead to prolonged mold lifespan and reduced maintenance frequency, ultimately translating into long-term cost savings within the injection molding process.