Injection Moulding Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS)

Material Description

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene, commonly known as ABS, is a versatile thermoplastic polymer renowned for its well-balanced material properties. ABS is composed of three primary monomers: acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene, which are polymerized to create a copolymer with a distinctive combination of characteristics. It boasts excellent mechanical strength and impact resistance, making it ideal for a wide range of applications, from automotive components and consumer electronics to toys and construction materials. ABS exhibits good dimensional stability, ensuring that parts retain their shape and size in varying environmental conditions. Its high heat resistance, with a glass transition temperature typically around 105°C, allows ABS to withstand elevated temperatures without deforming. Moreover, ABS is known for its ease of processing, as it can be molded, extruded, or 3D printed with relative simplicity, making it a popular choice in manufacturing. Its notable drawback is its susceptibility to UV radiation, which can lead to degradation over time if not properly stabilized or protected. Nonetheless, ABS remains a highly versatile and widely used engineering thermoplastic due to its remarkable balance of properties and ease of fabrication.

Tensile Yield
Modulus (MPa)
Point (°C)
Coefficient of
(x 10^-6 /°C)
Absorption (%)
1000 - 105040 - 601.7 - 2.4105-1150.18 - 0.291.2 - 1.480 - 1000.2 - 0.8

Design Recommendation

ABS can be prone to warping, particularly in large and thin-walled parts. To address this, the design should incorporate uniform wall thickness and draft angles to facilitate easy part ejection. Using ribs and gussets to reinforce the part and minimize flexing can also be beneficial. Proper gate design is crucial, and gate location should be carefully selected to minimize stress concentrations. Cooling channels in the mold should be optimized to prevent overheating, which can lead to defects and dimensional instability.

Cost Saving Tip

A key cost-saving strategy in ABS injection molding involves the careful optimization of mold design and cycle parameters. Utilizing advanced design software and conducting detailed simulation studies enables engineers to refine mold geometry, gate placement, and cooling systems for optimal efficiency. Furthermore, adjusting cycle factors such as melt temperature, injection speed, and packing pressure can lead to reduced energy usage and less material wastage. These improvements not only result in cost savings by lowering material and energy expenses but also enhance overall production efficiency, making ABS injection molding a more financially viable option.