Fabrication Mild Steel

Material Description

Mild steel, also known as low carbon steel, is a widely used and versatile material in various technical applications due to its exceptional properties. Comprised primarily of iron and a small percentage of carbon (typically less than 0.3%), mild steel is characterized by its remarkable malleability, ductility, and ease of fabrication. These attributes make it a popular choice in construction, manufacturing, and engineering. Mild steel’s grain structure allows for easy welding, shaping, and forming, making it ideal for creating a wide range of components, from structural beams and pipes to automotive parts and machinery.

One of the key advantages of mild steel is its cost-effectiveness, making it a preferred material for large-scale production and structural applications. It exhibits good strength and toughness, and its ability to absorb impacts and vibrations further enhances its suitability for applications requiring durability. However, mild steel is susceptible to corrosion, so it often requires additional treatments like painting or galvanization in environments where exposure to moisture or chemicals is a concern. In summary, mild steel is a fundamental material in the technical world, valued for its affordability, ease of use, and adaptability in various industrial and construction contexts.


ASTM A36, ASTM A572, 1045

Finishing Options

Anodizing, Powder Coating, Painting, Polishing, Electropolishing, Bead Blasting, Shot Peening, Laser Marking

DensityTensile Yield
Strength (MPa)
Conductivity (W/m-K)
Coeff. of
(micro Ohm-cm)
7800250-550200-400120 - 210~43-501245214

Design Recommendation

When designing with mild steel, it is essential to consider its favorable properties, such as its relatively low cost, malleability, and ease of welding. To maximize its structural integrity, it is recommended to avoid sharp corners, which can promote stress concentrations, and opt for rounded or filleted edges. Additionally, proper corrosion protection, such as galvanizing or painting, should be applied to prevent rust and extend the material’s lifespan in outdoor or corrosive environments. Careful attention to load-bearing requirements, including thickness and cross-sectional design, is vital to ensure that the mild steel component can withstand the intended stresses. Lastly, considering its environmental impact and recyclability, mild steel can be an eco-friendly choice when used efficiently and disposed of responsibly.

Cost Saving Tip

For mild steel, ensure you use the appropriate cutting tools, such as HSS. To save costs, optimize cutting parameters by selecting the right cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut. This minimizes tool wear and extends tool life, reducing the need for frequent tool replacements. Moreover, using coolants and lubricants can enhance cutting efficiency and reduce energy consumption, ultimately lowering operational costs.