Authored by Nitesh


“Make in India,” an ambitious initiative launched by the Indian government in 2014, aimed to transform India into a global manufacturing hub. After a few years of mixed results and the global economic shifts brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, the government has reintroduced a revamped version, “Make in India 2.0.” This refreshed strategy seeks to build on the lessons learned from the initial phase, addressing previous challenges while embracing new opportunities in the evolving global landscape.

Goals and Objectives

Make in India 2.0 sets forth a renewed vision with clear objectives:

  1. Enhance Global Competitiveness: Improve India’s position in global manufacturing by adopting advanced technologies and practices.
  2. Foster Innovation and R&D: Encourage research and development to drive innovation in manufacturing processes and products.
  3. Boost Employment: Create millions of jobs by expanding the manufacturing sector.
  4. Sustainable Growth: Ensure that growth in manufacturing is environmentally sustainable.

Key Government Strategies

1. Infrastructure Development

Infrastructure development is a cornerstone of Make in India 2.0, aimed at creating a robust foundation for manufacturing growth.

  • Industrial Corridors and Smart Cities: The government is developing industrial corridors such as the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor and establishing smart cities that offer state-of-the-art facilities for manufacturing and business operations.
  • Logistics Improvement: Significant investments are being made to upgrade road, rail, and port infrastructure. These improvements aim to reduce transportation costs and time, thus enhancing the efficiency of supply chains.
  • Special Economic Zones (SEZs): Expansion and modernization of SEZs are underway to provide world-class facilities and attract foreign investments in the manufacturing sector.

2. Ease of Doing Business

Creating a business-friendly environment is essential to attract and retain investment. The government is focusing on simplifying procedures and regulations:

  • Simplified Regulations: Streamlining regulatory processes to reduce bureaucratic hurdles and make it easier for companies to establish and operate their businesses in India.
  • Single-Window Clearance: Implementing a single-window clearance system to expedite project approvals and investment processes.
  • Tax Incentives: Offering tax breaks and other financial incentives to companies investing in manufacturing and research and development (R&D).

3. Skill Development

A skilled workforce is crucial for the success of Make in India 2.0. The government is investing heavily in skill development initiatives:

  • Skill India Mission: Expanding vocational training and skill development programs under the Skill India Mission to prepare the workforce for advanced manufacturing roles.
  • Industry-Academia Collaboration: Promoting partnerships between industry and educational institutions to ensure that curricula are aligned with industry needs and enhance the employability of graduates.
  • Apprenticeship Programs: Encouraging apprenticeship programs to provide practical training and hands-on experience to young professionals entering the manufacturing sector.

4. Technological Advancements

Adopting advanced technologies is vital for modernizing India’s manufacturing sector:

  • Industry 4.0: Promoting the adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies, including the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and robotics, to enhance manufacturing efficiency and productivity.
  • Digital India Initiative: Leveraging the Digital India initiative to provide the necessary digital infrastructure and support for tech-driven manufacturing growth.
  • Innovation Hubs: Establishing innovation hubs and incubators to support startups and foster a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship.

5. Export Promotion

Expanding India’s export capabilities is another critical focus area for Make in India 2.0:

  • Export Incentives: Offering incentives and support to export-oriented manufacturing units to help them compete in the global market.
  • Global Trade Agreements: Negotiating favorable trade agreements to open new markets for Indian products and reduce barriers to exports.
  • Brand India Campaign: Launching a robust “Brand India” campaign to promote Indian-made products globally, highlighting their quality, innovation, and competitive pricing.

Sector-Specific Strategies

Make in India 2.0 also emphasizes tailored strategies for key sectors:

  • Automobiles and Auto Components: Supporting the growth of the automotive industry by promoting electric vehicles (EVs) and establishing EV manufacturing hubs.
  • Pharmaceuticals: Enhancing the pharmaceutical sector by encouraging active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) production and supporting innovation in drug development.
  • Electronics: Boosting the electronics manufacturing sector through initiatives like the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme.
  • Renewable Energy: Promoting the manufacturing of renewable energy equipment to support India’s transition to clean energy.

Make in India 2.0 represents a comprehensive and strategic approach to revitalizing the Indian manufacturing sector. By addressing infrastructural bottlenecks, simplifying regulatory frameworks, fostering skill development, embracing technological advancements, and promoting exports, the Indian government aims to position the country as a global manufacturing powerhouse. This initiative, if effectively implemented, has the potential to drive economic growth, create employment opportunities, and enhance India’s global competitiveness in the manufacturing domain.