The manufacturing sector has been rapidly overtaken by CNC machining in recent years because of its high precision and repeatability. Knowing the fundamentals of CNC turning will enable you to distinguish between the various CNC technologies that are currently accessible. CNC turning is a good example of one of these cutting-edge processes.
What Is CNC Turning?
The CNC turning technique is extremely accurate and effective based on the lathe machine’s operating principle. The cutting tool is placed against a rotating workpiece to remove materials and create the desired shape.
While the raw material turns rapidly, the turning center or lathe remains stable. A single-point cutting tool assists in shaping the material as the workpiece rotates along two CNC turning machine axes. By assisting in the operation of the turning center or lathe, computer programs help to ensure the creation of minutely accurate components.
How Does CNC Turning Work?
- Converting a CAD Design File to a CNC Program
Preparing a CAD file for conversion into CNC turning machine language is the first step. There is no complex programming required for this. Your design must already be represented in some 2D drawings. In that situation, you must record these drawings electronically using AutoCAD.
- Get the CNC turning machine ready.
The most essential steps to get the machine ready are to verify that the power supply has been turned off, to fasten the component to the chuck, to load the tool turret, to check that the calibration has been performed correctly, and then to enter the CNC code into the machine.
- Make the CNC-turned components.
Making the desired part is the last stage. Depending on the outcome you want, you can select from a variety of turning procedures. The number of cycles you will have will also depend on the part’s complexity. You may determine the ultimate time spent on the component with the aid of the cycle time calculation, which is essential for cost estimation.
What are the various types of CNC Turning Machines and their brand?
A lathe is a machine tool that is used to execute various operations on a workpiece by rotating it around an axis of rotation while using tools to cut, sand, knurl, and drill the workpiece to produce an object that is symmetrical about that axis. Companies that make lathes include Haas, Okuma, DMG MORI, Doosan, and others.
- Swiss Lathe:
Swiss lathes are made especially for making precise, tiny pieces. They support the cutting tool with a guided bushing, enabling longer and more precise cuts. Star, Citizen, Tornos, and others are a few Swiss Lathe machine manufacturers.
- Slant Bed Lathe:
Slant bed lathes have an inclined bed, allowing for better chip flow and simpler access to the workpiece. Companies that manufacture slant bed lathes include Mazak, Samsung, and Tsugami.
- Vertical Lathe:
Large, heavy workpieces are machined on vertical lathes. The cutting tool moves horizontally while the workpiece is placed vertically. HNK, Bullard, and WFL are a few examples of companies that manufacture vertical lathe machines.
Advantages of CNC Turning
The following are some advantages of CNC turning:
The CNC turning machine can use CAD or CAM files to measure and reduce human error accurately.
Turning centers are available in various sizes to support your applications’ flexibility. Because the jobs for this machine are preprogrammed, the adjustment is rather simple.
Manufacturing companies follow strict safety standards and regulations to ensure total safety, making them extremely safe and secure.
- faster outcomes
When tasks are carried out on CNC lathes or turning centers, there is a lesser possibility of error. This machine can thus complete production more quickly without compromising the quality of the finished product.
One of the most important aspects of the industrial sector is CNC turning, which produces accurate results for a variety of components. Its adaptability and production capacity guarantee consistent, mass production. Karkhana.io has the expertise to expedite CNC machining processes for you, helping you make your parts faster and cheaper.
Register on our digital platform if you require expert guidance on this manufacturing procedure.